The Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
The bottlenose dolphin is one of the most famous dolphins and yet, the scientists can not agree on the number of species. Until a few years ago there was talk of a single species but the current general opinion distinguishes between the Atlantic bottlenose dolphin and the Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins. The average length is between 2.3 m. and 3.8 m. The maximum length which was recorded in the Canary Islands was 3.5 m. His weight is 150-350 kg, but can reach 500 kg. They live between 30 and 40 years, and reach sexual maturity at 11 or 12 years. The gestation periods about 12 months and generally have a baby, from 1 to 1.3 meters length and a weight between 30 and 40 kg. They throw every 2-3 years and the suckling period extends to 12-18months. He lives in coastal areas as , both on the high seas, well represented in the Canary waters.
They live in small family groups of up to a dozen animals that sometimes join other groups,and form large flocks. With an optimally adapted skin to the marine environment and a powerful flukes, thebottlenose dolphin can reach a speed of 50 kmh. They feed on squid, octopus, mackerel, sardines and other fish species.